IAPH looks towards its Environmental Ship Index and Clean Marine Fuels Working Group to support recent proposals put forward at MEPC 75
IMO’s 75th Marine Environment Protection Committee Meeting (MEPC) last week reached preliminary agreement over a package of short term technical and operational measures to address GHG emissions from ships. The International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) welcomed the combined introduction of the Energy Efficiency Existing Ships Index (EEXI) and the Carbon Intensity Indicators (CII) – based operational measure, a carbon intensity rating mechanism, and the strengthening of the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) framework.
Concluding on the package, IAPH Managing Director Patrick Verhoeven commented : “In order to achieve the ambitious aims of the IMO Initial Strategy, any package of measures needs to be accompanied by ambitious reduction targets and a robust enforcement and correction mechanism. To that end, IAPH regrets that the compromise reached favours the less ambitious of the proposals put forward, regarding scope of application, reduction factors and enforcement. Nevertheless, and despite its shortcomings, we are looking forward to working with all relevant parties for the efficient implementation and use of the package, towards our common aim. We soldier on.”
In addition, IAPH supported the proposal for establishing an International Maritime Research and Development Board (IMRB) to foster innovation and to accelerate the introduction of low- and zero-carbon fuels and technologies.
IAPH Technical Director Antonis Michail commented: “IAPH supports in principle the IMRB proposal and looks forward to its further development and consideration by MEPC 76. At the same time, IAPH notes that IMRB does not constitute a market-based measure, and hence supports the initiation of parallel work towards agreeing on MBMs that will address the commercial uptake of zero carbon technologies, fuels and related infrastructure.”
Making waves using a voluntary system already adopted by over half of the world’s container shipping fleet – IAPH’s ESI
More concretely, IAPH will evaluate options for the potential integration of the EEXI and/or the CI rating mechanism in the formula of the IAPH Environmental Ship Index (ESI) for the assessment of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions performance of vessels. With over 8000 registered vessels and around 60 port incentive providers globally, ESI is the standard international system on the basis of which world ports provide incentives to best-performing vessels.
Established back in 2011 and first introduced by the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) in 2013, the ESI is a voluntary tool which includes a formula-based evaluation of vessels’ nitrogen oxide (NOx) and sulphur oxide (SOx) emissions. The calculation also rewards vessels that are equipped to use available onshore power and which demonstrate fuel efficiency improvements over time, reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) and particulate matter (PM) emissions. The Index contains over half of the world’s container vessels, with tankers (gas, chemical and oil) accounting for over 28% of the total ships registered.
IAPH Technical Director Antonis Michail commented : “IAPH has invested further in it’s Environmental Ship Index, including the launch since the summer of a new, more user-friendly website portal for users and the introduction of a new governance and administration model which will be announced by the end of this year. Plans to expand the Index with a state-of-the-art toolbox will further motivate ship owner-operators to improve GHG emission performance of their fleets by obtaining benefits from the port authorities registered as incentive providers.”
IAPH offers expertise of its Clean Marine Fuels (CMF) working group to the newly-proposed International Maritime Research and Development Board (IMRB)
In its second intervention during MEPC75, IAPH also emphasised that for the focus of the research under IMRB, links need to be made with the ship-shore interface and the bunkering of low and zero carbon fuels in particular. To that end, IAPH suggested that the IMRB research should also focus on supporting innovation in bunkering of those fuels.
Antonis Michail added : “IAPH, through its working group on Clean Marine Fuels (CMF) works on developing tools and methodologies to ensure the safe and efficient bunkering of low and zero carbon fuels in ports. In order to avoid duplication of effort, and ensure that the IMRB research embeds the ship-shore interface and bunkering considerations, IAPH would like to offer the expertise of its CMF working group, through appropriate representation to any relevant advisory structure to be decided.”
Founded in 1955, the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) is a non-profit-making global alliance of 170 ports and 140 port-related organisations covering 90 countries. Its member ports handle more than 60 percent of global maritime trade and around 80 percent of world container traffic. IAPH has consultative NGO status with several United Nations agencies, including the IMO. Through its knowledge base and access to regulatory bodies, IAPH aims to facilitate energy transition, accelerate digitalisation and assist in improving overall resilience of its member ports in a constantly changing world. In 2018, IAPH established the World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP). Guided by the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals, it aims to unite sustainability efforts of ports worldwide by sharing best practices through its project portfolio and collaborative partnerships.