IAPH – WPSP
While the cruise industry offers substantial economic and social benefits to their destinations, public focus has been led mainly on the environmental impact of the air and noise emissions at ports. Aside from adopting IMO Regulations and Guidelines to reduce air emissions, some authorities and cruise destinations are starting to take local actions in isolation with potentially undesirable consequences as we move to new levels of compliance. The cruise industry needs a coordinated, global approach from ports to comply with those global regulations. For this reason, the Environmental Committee jointly with the Cruise Committee of the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) recognises the urgent need to improve transparency and clarity in the way cruise shipowners and operators provide ports with data on ship emissions.
Under the umbrella of the IAPH World Ports Sustainability Program, we have therefore embarked on a project with the following aims:
1. For IAPH port members to find common ground on cruise vessel emissions reporting
2. To harmonise data collection and calculation methods to report emissions data accurately, consistently and transparently to our stakeholders
3. to seek practical ways of stimulating cruise line owner-operators to reduce their emissions
On October 9th 2019 some thirty participants gathered for the kick-off meeting of the IAPH-WPSP Cruise Project in Hamburg. Participants representing port authorities, cruise terminals, cruise port associations and a classification society met to explore how a global, harmonised format for collecting data on emissions of cruise ships during port calls could be established. The group aims for a measuring process that minimises administrative burden, as well as promoting consistency and industry engagement. That engagement will include the involvement of cruise lines, who are being invited to join the group in an advisory capacity. Two working groups have been set up. One is focused on data structure and calculation methodology, the other on implementation in practice. A questionnaire was sent to participating ports in the summer of 2020 to share comments, idea’s, pro’s and cons of different options, including remarks and ideas about the way the system should be financed and how the governance should be arranged. Background to the questionnaire can be found here.